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Weird beliefs

Japan and numbers
 
The numbers have a big signification once you write them in  japanese letters(kanji).
The most feared number is four which means death.
Car plates will hardly carry a number four on it, usually the owner pays extra money to change the plate number especially if the number four is followed by the nine which together will mean ''you'll die'', for example 4219 read as shi ni iku ''you're going to die'' .
Hospitals and most buildings that have four floors only start to count as first floor from the second, so the building won't end with the number four.
 
Money to the deceased's family
 
It's a tradition in Japan to give some money in a special envelope to the family of a dead person, evem if the one who died was just a neighboor you never talked to, it's a way to express your condolences and to help the family paying the funeral.
But there are rules for the money as well;
The money to be given varies from 5.000yen(around 60 us dollars) to 50.000yen(around 600 us dollars) or more depending on the relation to the passed one.
The number of banknotes can't be in pairs if sums four all together and it can't be the total sum of 4.000 or 40.000 yen it would be offensive to the family and they probably would get you out of their house or the funeral.
So the safest would give three bills of 1.000 yen each or three of 5.000 yen each.
 
Kids and money as  a New Year Eve and Children's Day present.
 
Kids also get money in envelopes but for the little ones, grandparents and other relatives usually give them three bills of 1.000 yen(around 11 us dollars) to 10.000yen(around 110 us dollars)
 
Mochi and the New Year Eve Tradition
 
Mochi(rice cake) is made from smashed rice, white or artificially coloured, sweet or not, fried or served with soy bean soup(misoshiro), sticky, bad for young children and aged people, if someone choke with it the only way to get the sticky mass out of your throat is using a vacuum cleaner.
But even knowing that, they all eat lots of it when a new year begin tradition says that eating mochi keeps one wealthy for the entire year.
 

Mochi (rice cake)
Mochi (rice cake)

Flying Carp
 
Koinobori is a popular tradition to fly kite to celebrate children's Day(Japanese holiday on May, see Holiday Calendar),  the fish Carp is known as a powerful swimmer therefore has become a symbol of children growing up strong and healthy, you can view them hanging out from every pole in Japan, parents will hang the same number of carps to the number of  male kids they have in front of their houses or even attach carps kite to their car.

Koinobori Festival
Koinobori Festival

More Odd Superstitions
 
House floor plan
 
Kaso means Fortune telling by floor plan, Japanese think that the plan of a house influences its dweller's fortune.
THe house entrance can't be built on the northeast of the house or it will conjure lellish monster, know as Oni(devil mythological monster with three eyes and horns).
 
Tatami mat borders
 
Step on the cloth border of the tatami floor mats brings bad luck.
 
Sleeping toward the North
 
Sleeping with your head toward the North brings bad luck too because only dead bodies are laid in that position.
 
Funeral Car
 
When a funeral car passes in front of you superstition says you have to hide your thumb.
This is because thumb in Japan is called ''parent finger'' (''Oya yubi''), so they believe that if they don't hide their thumb their own parents will die soon.
 
Salt on the door step
 
If a homeless knock at the door begging for something they throw salt by the door steps after he leaves to off evil spirits and poverty.
 
 
Lie down after eating
 
If you lie die immediately after eating you will turn into a cow.
 
Fried eel and melon
 
Eating both of these two foods in the same meal will poison your spirit and lead you to death.
 
Gata Strap
 
To break the strap of your Gata, wooden sandle or Zori(all types of shoes) is a bad luck(like breaking a mirror in a Western country).
 
Whistle at night
 
''Yoru ni kuchibiru o fuku to hebi ga kuru'' (If you whistle at night a snake will come to you).
In the Edo period(1603-1867), the whistle was a sign used by burglars to communicate and warn  each other, whistling at night became associated with inviting intruders and thieves into your home, the snake is a symbol of evil and misfortune.
 
Clipping your fingernails at night
 
Also another superstittion created in the Edo period was that one couldn't cut nails at night because it was too dark to see properly, but it became a belief that if you clip your nails at night you won't be able to be with your parents when they pass away, in Japanese you say ''Yotsume'' and it sounds like ''Yo o tsumeru''  which means ''to cut short a life''.
 
Cut hair after dark
 
Also a very ancient superstition that says if you cut your hair after nightfalls inside your house ghosts will make their way into it.
 
Sick and potted plants
 
When visitng someone staying in a hospital bringing potted plants to the sick is a bad luck because potted plants symbolizes that the patient will be rooted in the hospital, prolonging his illness, so they only bring cut flowers as a gift.
 
Bloodtypes
 
Many years ago a Japanese doctor researched the relation between the bloodtype and personality and he believed that it had great influences over ones personality, even after many doctors in the modern days claimed he was wrong the Japanese kept believing in it, that's why when you watch TV news early in the morning in Japan you'll be able to see what the TV channel has predicted to each bloodtype for the day, if the person will have luck or not and which color of clothes one should be wearing that day.
 
After funeral
 
After attending a funeral guests must have salt sprinkled on them before entering their homes as a purification rite and this ceremony is done to remove the spirit of the person who died, which may follow them home from the funeral.
 
Mirrors
 
Many Japanese cover their bedroom mirrors at night fearing that a woman from another world will come through and take them away or take all the energy from their bodies while sleeping causing death.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

CHOPSTICKS: SEE JAPANESE ETIQUETTE FOR REFERENCE IN THE NAVIGATION BAR ON THE LEFT.

Cherry Blossom Festival

At spring time the japanese get together with family and friends to view and appreciate the Cherry Blossom, they go to cemetary, parks, streets anywhere covered by this nature beauty, to have picnics under the trees and take pictures.
Even knowing it's a famous tree noone plants inside their own garden because they believe the higher the tree growns less income the house holder will have especially if the tree grows higher than the house's roof.
Another interesting fact is that besides Japan the only well known place to have many Cherry trees is at the park by the White House in US, a present the japanese Emperor gave to the US country long ago.

Cherry Blossom 2
Cherry Blossom 2

Shisa on the roof
Shisa on the roof

Daruma Doll
 
Daruma Dolls reprent the pries Bodhidharma, a 6th century Indian priest known as the creator of Zen Buddhism, Bodhidharma is reputed to have spent seven, some says nine years meditating in a cave facing the walls praying without moving or blinking his eyes during those years of meditation his arms and legs atrophied and fell off.Apparently Bodhidharma dozed off during meditation and in anger he cut off his eyes lids.
At New Year Time, many Japanese and corporations buy a Daruma Doll, make a wish and paint the left eye, when the wish comes true they paint in the second eye to let Daruma see again then take to the shrine to burn it in the New Year.
Many politicians buy them and if they win the election they take it to a temple too to burn it.
Daruma Dolls are spherical made of papier-mache, painted red with no legs and arms, you can buy them at shrines in the beginning of the year, fairs or at souvenir stores any time of the year.
 

Daruma Dolls
Daruma Dolls

My two Carp kites for my two sons.
My two Carp Kites for my two sons.

Omamori
 
Omamori bukuro (Good luck charm in a brocade bag) is a charm that ensure safety of its owner.
Many temples and shrines sell these talismans and in some of them you can even find vending machines for it.
Omamori are made of paper or fabric and some valuable ones are made of gold or silver.Some luck charms are meant to be kept in the house and others to carry around, there are no time limits on the effectiveness of the charms but some Japanese like to replace their old charms with new ones every year.
If you take a cab in Japan it's likely you'll find one hanging by the rear mirror to avoid accidents.
The luck charms bears the name of the temple or shrine on one side and words of blessing on the other side good for health, safe travel, safe driving, passing examinations especially for college, prosperous business, child bearing, easy delivery(very popular too), or just for plain all around luck.
 

Omamori(Luck Charm)
Omamori(Luck Charm)

Omikuji
 
Omikuji is a Japanese fortune telling, these written fortunes are obtained by drawing lots in the form of sticks from a container the sticks are then exchanged for long narrow pieces of paper upon which good or bad fortunes are indicated, if your paper brings a message of good luck you can take it with you but if it tells bad luck you have to leave it at the shrine tied around the branch of a tree or in a special place where the shrine indicates, so the predicted bad luck won't follow you.

Omikuji tied up on a tree
Omikuji tied up on a tree

Hina Ningyo up close
Hina Ningyo up close

Pink colored set
Pink colored set

Special thanks to my adorable Goddaughter Elsie(only 9 years old at that time) who went to a library in Tokyo to help me find more interisting facts about the Hina Ningyo.

Hina Couple
Hina Couple

Setsubun
 
Seasonal division between Winter and Spring is a festival held on February 3rd or 4th, one the before the start of Spring according to the Japanese Lunar Calendar(Tradition and Calendar idea imported from China based on the cycle of the moon), Setsubun is not a national holiday, but for many centuries the Japanese have been performing rituals with the purpose of chasing away evil spirits.
There are many different rituals of Setsubun, nowadays the most common ritual is Mame-maki, throwing roasted beans around the house and at temples and shrines across the country.
Many Japanese go to temples or shrines either to throw or catch thrown soy beans, they believe that the ones who throw the beans will have their spirits purified and the ones catching them will have luck through the coming year.
When throwing the beans they shout ''Oni wa soto'' ''Fuku wa uchi'' (Demons out, Fortune in), afterwards they pick up and eat the number of beans accordingly to their age to ensure health and luck.
Another new tradition created in Osaka and spread all over Japan through convenience stores is buying the maki-sushi (roled sushi) and eating them quietly while making a wish always facing to the same direction which changes every year according to their rules.
On the night of Setsubun, many Japanese decorate a holy tree in front of their houses with a head of a sardine, a clove of garlic or a onion, such talismans are designed to keep evil away as the New Year approaches.
Families with children always look forward to this day because mame-maki can be a lot of fun, one person acts as the goblin and runs around while the others throw beans at the person and at some schools the students make Oni, goblin masks to play around.

Set of Oni mask and Happiness Soy Beans
Set of Oni mask and Happiness Soy Beans

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Stupids never catch a cold
 
''Baka wa kazehikanai'', I often hear my japanese friends tell me that when my whole family gets a flu and they don't, a polite way to say ''Oh, you're wise''.
I can't feel more stupid when they say that because if they're the healthy ones that never get sick they are supposed to be having a healthier life style than I provide my family.
If you catch a flu while in Japan and someone says that to you, thank her/him.
What I'm going to add here is not a belief but funny, if someone sneezes don't say ''God bless you'', japanese never wish one for health while sneezing the one who sneezes is supposed to say ''I'm sorry for sneezing''(SHitsureitashimashita).
 
 
The ghosts of Okinawa
 
Okinawa is the most beautiful island located in the south of Japan with many US military bases also haunted by ghosts.
If you ever ask an Okinawan about haunts and ghosts don't be surprised if they quickly change the subject.Okinawans are uneasy talking about the dead and avoid any supernatural contact at 2 am. the haunted hour.
That's the reason houses were built with a lion-dog(Shisa or Shishi) with a scary face like a dragon on the roof of most of the civilians homes, they believe the scary monster statue will scare the dead spirits away.
Each Shisa is hand made so you won't find two alike.

Shisa's head
Shisa's head

Daruma Doll with one eye painted
Daruma Doll with one eye painted

Maneki Neko(Cat)
 
Maneki Neko appeared suddenly when the Edo period(Samurai time, around 1800) was over.
In Edo period the country created an amuzement town for men called Yuukaku full of houses in Japanese style with hostesses and prostitutes, each house had a luck talisman of the male sexual organs made by different materials.
With the modernization of the country in the Meiji period from 1868, government prohibited under the law from the year 1872 the houses to display sexual organs on its shelves.
Japanese prostitute was expressed as a cat at that time in substitution to the sexual organs talismans they displayed cats waving one paw beckoning showing the palm of the hand imaging a prostitute gesture of invitation.
A different Legend says that Maneki Neko was made in honor of a pet cat called Tama who invited a wealthy man running from the rain into the temple in a time that poverty had striken it, after that the man and the priest who owned the cat became friends and the temple became prosperous after that and the priest and the cat never went hungry again, after the cat died he was buried in the Goutokuji shrine's cemetary, which I doubt to be the true story.
Then Maneki Neko spread all over Japan as a good luck doll of flourishing business.
You can buy them in any souvenir stores made from many materials, colors and types from key rings to whatever Japanese imagination created until these days, most of them are white, but if you find a black one the meaning is different it is suppose to ward the evil spirits off and the even more rare red ones are to prevent sickness.

Maneki Neko
Maneki Neko

Hina Ningyo and the Hina Matsuri
 
The origin of Hina Matsuri (Doll's Festival) is an ancient Chinese practice in which the sin of the body and misfortune are transferred to a doll and then removed by abandoning the doll on a river.This tradition begun in China celebrating the Doll's Festival on March 3rd, according to Chinese custom this is the first day of the serpent season.Japan inherited this tradition and changed the name to ''Momo no Sekku'' (Peach Festival) instead of Serpent, which is more suitable  for the season since it's the time peach blossoms are in bloom.
THe ancient festival was about taking a straw doll and float it down the river to wash away all the illness and bad luck for one year, but then during the Edo period(1603-1867) the festival was popularized as a girl's festival(Hina Matsuri), some old fashioned people still like to float paper dolls down the river late on the afternoon of March 3rd, doing the ''Hina Okuri'' (Sending away the doll) or also called ''Nagashi bina'' (Floating away the doll).
The present Hina Matsuri comes from the combination of a doll(called Hina) play during the Heian period(798-1185) and Nagashi bina floating away paper dolls.
Therefore displaying Hina Ningyo(dolls) is a tradition where the family (parents and grandparents) wish that the girl will grow healthy and be a caring woman to have a happy marriage.
One of the most interesting aspects of this festival are the cerimonial dolls, a full Hina Ningyo set consists of an Emperor and Empress(Juuni Hitoe dressed with twelve layers of fabric ceremony robe)a Kimono still worn at a  Royal's family wedding ceremony, then below three court ladies, five musicians, two ministers and three servants they are displayed with the Emperor and Empress on top
and so on and among it peach blossoms, the traditional special dish Hishimochi(diamond shaped rice cakes colored red or pink to off the evil spirits, white for purity and green for healthy) and various miniature pieces of furniture.
 

Hina Ningyo set from Toysrus store in Japan
Complete Hina Ningyo set from Toysrus store in Japan

A traditional set of dolls can be very expensive.There are many grades for the sets and they vary from 100.000 yen(around 900 Us dollars) to a million yen(around 9 to 10 thousand US dollars in 2005), unless there is a set in the family passed from grandparents to the following generation, however since many Japanese live in small houses buying only the Emperor and the Empress is popular nowadays.
There is a superstition that if the dolls are not stored soon after the festival, the girl will be doomed to marry late, every year the dolls are taken out only for this festival and restored again for the next year.

Smaller set
Smaller set equally expensive for its detailed manufacturing

Oni (Goblin) Mask
Oni (Goblin) Mask